Oceanography/Oceanology/Marine Science/Hải dương học

Discussion in 'Which major/research should I study' started by VietPhD, Oct 27, 2008.

  1. VietPhD

    VietPhD Because of me, you'll never walk alone

    Oceanography (compound of the Greek words ωκεανός meaning "ocean" and γράφω meaning "to write"), also called oceanology or marine science, is the branch of Earth science that studies the ocean. It covers a wide range of topics, including marine organisms and ecosystem dynamics; ocean currents, waves, and geophysical fluid dynamics; plate tectonics and the geology of the sea floor; and fluxes of various chemical substances and physical properties within the ocean and across its boundaries. These diverse topics reflect multiple disciplines that oceanographers blend to further knowledge of the world ocean and understanding of processes within it: biology, chemistry, geology, meteorology, and physics. (Oceanography - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

    Marine Engineering involves the design, construction, installation, operation and support of the systems and equipment which propel and control marine vehicles, and of the systems which make a vehicle or structure habitable for crew, passengers and cargo.[1] Marine Engineering is allied to mechanical engineering, although the modern marine engineer requires knowledge (and hands on experience) with electrical, electronic, pneumatic, hydraulic, chemistry, control engineering, naval architecture or ship design, process engineering,steam generations gas turbines and even nuclear technology on certain military vessels. Marine Engineering on board a ship refers to the operation and maintenance of the propulsion and other systems such as: electrical power generation plant; lighting; air conditioning; refrigeration; and water systems on board the vessel. This work is carried out by Marine Engineering Officers, who usually train via cadetships sponsored by a variety of Maritime organisations. There are also training centres at post-secondary institutions that offer marine engineering programs, such as Georgian College's Great Lakes International Marine Training Centre. Marine engineering also embraces other areas such as Autonomous Underwater Vehicle research; Marine renewable energy research; and careers related to the Offshore extractive and infrastructure (Cable Laying) industries. (Marine engineering - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

    Marine biology is the scientific study of living organisms in the ocean or other marine or brackish bodies of water. Given that in biology many phyla, families and genera have some species that live in the sea and others that live on land, marine biology classifies species based on the environment rather than on taxonomy. Marine biology differs from marine ecology as marine ecology is focused on how organisms interact with each other and environment and biology is the study of the animal itself. Marine life is a vast resource, providing food, medicine, and raw materials, in addition to helping to support recreation and tourism all over the world. At a fundamental level, marine life helps determine the very nature of our planet. Marine organisms contribute significantly to the oxygen cycle, and are involved in the regulation of the Earth's climate. [1] Shorelines are in part shaped and protected by marine life, and some marine organisms even help create new land.[2] (Marine biology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

    A marine chemist is an environmental, occupational safety and health professional who is involved in the study of the chemical processes and the composition of marine water bodies. This can involve a wide range of parameters including the monitoring of dissolved inorganic chemicals and the chemistry of particulate organic matter. A major use of marine chemistry is through pollution regulation and monitoring in marine environmental protection. Non-departmental government agencies such as the Scottish Environment Protection Agency use marine chemists in their monitoring of shellfish growing waters, bathing waters, coastal and estuarine waters for the regulation and enforcement of governmental environmental policy and treaties such as the Water Framework Directive. (Marine chemist - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)

    Marine geology involves geophysical, geochemical, sedimentological and paleontological investigations of the ocean floor and coastal margins. Marine geology has strong ties to physical oceanography and plate tectonics.
    Marine geological studies were of extreme importance in providing the critical evidence for sea floor spreading and plate tectonics in the years following World War II. The deep ocean floor is the last essentially unexplored frontier and detailed mapping in support of both military (submarine) objectives and economic (petroleum and metal mining) objectives drives the research. The Ring of Fire around the Pacific Ocean with its attendant intense volcanism and seismic activity poses a major threat for disastrous earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions. Any early warning systems for these disastrous events will require a more detailed understanding of marine geology of coastal and island arc environments. The study of littoral and deep sea sedimentation and the precipitation and dissolution rates of calcium carbonate in various marine environments has important implications for global climate change. (Marine geology - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia)
     
  2. VietPhDStaff

    VietPhDStaff Luôn bên bạn

    Master of Ecological Marine Management, ECOMAMA, In Vlir-Uos Scholarship Programme 20

    Master of Ecological Marine Management, ECOMAMA, In Vlir-Uos Scholarship Programme 2010

    This two-year programme will provide the students with a strong fundamental and applied background in marine sciences, marine research and management skills. The first year of the master programme mainly addresses basic marine science disciplines such as Physical and Chemical Oceanography, Marine Ecology and Biodiversity, Marine Pollution and Ecotoxicology, Marine Microbiology, Marine Ecophysiology, Molecular Ecology of the Marine Environment, Tropical Coastal Biocomplexity, Applied Mathematics, Statistics, Climatology and Climate Change, Introduction to GIS, Information Retrieval, Management and Presentation, Practical exercises, field training and seminars on development cooperation. While the second year of the master programme focuses on research and the scientific approach to management issues.

    Core courses are: Scientific Reporting and Didactics, Data-management of the Marine Environment; Ecosystem Modelling, Bio-Statistics and Geographical Information Systems. Students also choose a number of specialized optional courses, e.g. Integrated Coastal Zone Management, Exploitation and Management of Coastal Resources, Recent Developments in Marine Biodiversity, Marine Optics and Remote Sensing, Law of the Sea, Environmental Economy. or an optional internship in one of the participating laboratories or institutes. During the second year, students conduct their master’s thesis research on a subject directly related to an ecological problem in their home country. Thus ECOMAMA-graduates are trained (1) to play a key role in high quality scientific research, (2) as advisor in marine management, (3) to be critical and communicative ecological marine scientists with management skills.

    Admission requirements

    The two-year programme is open to holders of a four-year bachelor’s degree in Science; three-year bachelor’s degree in Science with relevant professional experience; Bachelor in Engineering; Bachelor in Veterinary studies; Bioengineering; Licentiate in Science or Industrial Engineering, or equivalent. A certificate of fluency in English is required.

    Application for this scholarship is possible from 01/10/2009 until 01/02/2010

    Period: September 2009 – September 2011
    Language: English
    Number of VLIR-UOS Scholarships: 12

    Promoter:

    Prof. N. Koedam (Vrije Universiteit Brussel)
    Prof. R. Blust (University of Antwerp)

    Contact:

    ECOMAMA – secretariat
    Faculty of Science and Bio-Engineering
    Vrije Universiteit Brussel
    T +32 (0)2 629 34 02
    F +32 (0)2 629 34 03
    ecomama@vub.ac.be
    http://www.ecomama.be

    You can apply for this scholarship by clicking here: http://www.scholarships.vliruos.be/index.php?navid=479&scholarship_id=21&actionchoice=applyform
     
  3. VietPhDStaff

    VietPhDStaff Luôn bên bạn

    VLIR-UOS Scholarships 2010 in Master of Aquaculture, Ghent University

    VLIR-UOS Scholarships 2010 in Master of Aquaculture, Ghent University

    This programme provides courses at university level on the most important aspects of aquaculture, for both marine and freshwater organisms. The programme takes a multidisciplinary, interuniversity and international approach, and aims at the acquisition of fundamental knowledge and skills with the main objectives being:

    to deliver researchers able to design and perform research in various aquaculture fields;
    to deliver experts who can draw and implement strategies for future development in the aquaculture industry;
    to form key persons who can act as a nucleus in their local environment through dissemination of their acquired knowledge;
    to deliver academically trained staff for the aquaculture industry.
    The learning outcomes and competencies will differ from student to student as each one will follow his/her own customized program, with a solid foundation in the basic principles of aquatic production. However, the common learning outcomes of the Master of Science in Aquaculture program can be summarized as follows:

    to have acquired knowledge on the biology and ecology of aquatic organisms (shellfish, finfish, etc.) and to be able to apply this to aquatic production;
    to be capable of characterising, analysing and evaluating different forms and systems of aquatic production;
    to understand the interactions between human activity, environmental conditions and aquatic exploitation, and to determine potential ameliorating interventions;
    to acquire a scientific approach to formulating and testing hypotheses, to be able to design research protocols, as well as to collect and analyse data and to research scientific literature;
    to be capable of reporting both orally and in writing the results of their work;
    to understand and communicate with the industry, and be familiar with the practicalities of commercial ventures;
    to understand the ethical considerations of animal production and experimentation;
    apart from these academic competencies and professional insights, students will have improved their social and generic skills and language knowledge;
    to have adopted a problem-solving capacity so that he/she can occupy an independent and responsible position as an aquaculture specialist.
    The study programme comprises two years of study, with courses as: Aquatic Ecology; Biology of Aquatic Organisms; Fish Culture Techniques; General Aspects of Aquaculture; Microbial Ecology and Environmental Sanitation; Physiology of Aquatic Organisms ; Technology of Fishery Products; Algae Culture; Aquatic Farm Management Training; Mollusc and Crustacean Culture; Aquaculture and the Environment; Larviculture and Larval Food Production ; Applied Statistics; Management in the Aquaculture Industry; Aquaculture Genetics; Diseases in Aquaculture etc. Subject to the Faculty’s approval: elective courses to a total amount of 15 credits, to be chosen from a list of courses from UGent and the partners of the European Master in Aquaculture and Fisheries: National University of Ireland, Cork; Wageningen Universiteit en Research Centre; Universidade do Algarve, Institutt for fiskeri- og marinbiologi, Universitetet i Bergen, Norges Teknisk-Naturvitenskapelige Universitet; Uniwersytet Warminsko – Mazurski w Olsztynie. Subject to motivation max. 5 credits of the 15 can be chosen from all other programmes of UGent.

    Admission requirements

    The programme is open to holders of a bachelor’s degree in exact or applied sciences, equivalent to at least three years’ university studies or a degree in Veterinary Medicine, Civil Engineering or Agricultural Engineering or any related area. Holders of other degrees must follow extra courses. Every application will be carefully examined individually. Some background in aquaculture is recommended.
    The applicant must be proficient in the language of the course or training programme, i.e. English. Command of the English language is a very important criterion for admission. With the exception of those who have a diploma (Secondary Education, Academic Bachelor Degree, Master Degree) issued by an institution officially recognized by the Flemish Government, applicants must be able to prove their proficiency in English. There are 4 possibilities to supply this proof:

    TOEFL certificate (the UGent TOEFL code is 2643) with:
    a) a minimum total score of 550 on the paper based test, or
    b) a minimum total score of 79 on an internet based test.
    The test validity is max. 2 years.
    IELTS with a minimum overall band score of 6.
    The test validity is max. 2 years.
    Proof of at least 1 year of comprehensive English-based instruction at a university or recognized equivalent.
    Proof of a successful “Intermediate Academic English” test at the Ghent University Language Center.
    Prospective students will not be allowed to enrol at UGent when they are unable to submit an official and by UGent recognized proof before the start of the Academic Period. For prospective students trying to obtain the “Intermediate Academic English” certificate at the UGent Language Center, the final language exam is the 22nd of September 2009. Remark: do not underestimate the level of difficulty of the UGent language test!

    Failing to provide any of the abovementioned will result in not being allowed to enrol at UGent, thus this candidate will have to return back home.

    Period: September 2010 – September 2012
    Language: English
    Number of VLIR-UOS Scholarships: 13
    Promoter: Prof. P. Bossier (UGent)

    Contact:

    Mr B. Van Delsen & Mr S. Vanopstal
    Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Center
    Ghent University
    T +32 (0)9 264 38 43
    F +32 (0)9 264 41 93
    msc.aquaculture@ugent.be
    Laboratory of Aquaculture & Artemia Reference Center
    Application for this scholarship is possible from 01/10/2009 until 01/02/2010

    You can apply for this scholarship by clicking the following link:

    http://www.scholarships.vliruos.be/index.php?navid=479&scholarship_id=13&actionchoice=applyform
     
    datpt likes this.
  4. datpt

    datpt Thèm thuồng

    hik, tình hình là thread này hơi bị đìu hiu. Rất mong các bác đã, đang và có hướng làm về ngành này (like me :D) chia sẻ cho ae đi sau một số thông tin được không ạ?
    Cám ơn các bác rất nhiều!
     
  5. datpt

    datpt Thèm thuồng

    Hôm qua e vừa nghe một GS bên trường Tokyo Metropolitant Uni. giới thiệu về chương trình học bổng của "Asian Human Resources Fund" cùng các hướng nghiên cứu tại Coastal Engineering Lab của GS. Tiếc là deadline đã qua,GS sang VN là để phỏng vẫn thằng bạn e ở khoa tiện thể làm seminar lun. Dù sao, e cũng xin thông tin lại cho các bác nào định theo hướng này:
    - Về học bổng, có thể nói là rất ổn, thậm chí còn cao hơn cả MEXT (170.000 yen/month) cùng một số trợ cấp khác của trường như hỗ trợ một phần nhà ở hoặc dorm (phần này vì quên mang bút nên không ghi lại chính xác được:d) và một năm GS của bạn được cấp 300.000 yen cho các chi phí đi hội thảo cho mình và cho PhD students. Các ngành khác e không biết, nhưng đối với ngành coastal engineering thuộc dept. of civil eng thì có 10 GS sẽ được cấp fund và mỗi giáo sư sẽ tự tìm PhD students cho mình (trường hợp GS trên là một ví dụ, ông í phỏng vấn trực tiếp bạn e). Hai năm qua đã có 2 sinh viên VN được nhận học bổng này, hy vọng năm nay thằng bạn e cũng sẽ được :D.
    - Về schedule time: các bác vào trang web của trường, liên hệ trực tiếp với GS rùi hỏi thăm xem tình hình thế nào? (khoản này thường vào tháng 3). Giai đoạn phỏng vấn sẽ trong tháng 5 và biết kết quả tầm 22/6.
    Nói chung là nếu bác nào thích đi Nhật học về coastal thì nên tham khảo học bổng này. E phải post lên ngay vì sợ quên mất và cũng vì dân oceanography chả thẩy mặt mũi đâu cả:(. Chúc các bác thành công!
     
    phongx9 and dinhcongbang like this.

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